What is coffee?
Before going further in this section, I believe it’s important to answer this question before: what is the coffee plant?
We all know the drinks and any dishes that can be prepared with its fruit, but how many of us know how it gets there?
The coffee plant
From a botanical point of view, it’s an evergreen plant of the Coffea type growing in tropical-equatorial areas, where most of the countries that specialized in its culture are located. It needs a mild climate with temperatures ranging between 15° and 30° Celsius, with constant rainfalls and a soil rich in minerals.
The seeds start germinating after a few weeks from being planted and it takes about a
year in order for it to be transplanted and used for production. After about 2 years, the plants start to produce their fruits, but they won’t be able to reach their full productivity before at least 3 years up to 5. Once they reach maturity, the coffee plants remain productive for a period going from 15 to 30 years.
The coffee plant presents oval leaves and white flowers arranged in clusters and they produce a red fruit – or yellow depending on the variety- that is quite like cherries.
The fruits contain two seeds wrapped in their membranes: a thin one called the silver skin and a thicker one called parchment.
Depending on how often it rains, the presence of flowers and the cherries at different stages of maturity can change. White and green flowers can be present at the same time due to multiple flowerings.
There are several kinds of Coffea plants but the ones that are cultivated in order to be savoured are the Arabica and the Robusta. Both growing at altitudes of up to 2,000m.
Once the cherries are ripe, then starts the production process for the beans to be savoured. All of the tasks in the process are made thoroughly in order to obtain the perfect product can be separated in 3: the harvesting of the cherries, the processing of the beans and the drying and sorting of the beans.
Hoping that this has helped getting a clearer idea about the coffee itself, you can discover all the latest coffee related blog articles here!
- Ever wondered how the coffee reached our tables? I am not talking about its production, but actually the history of the the coffee itself… If so, then you can have a look and discover the Origins of Coffee
- It’s undoubtedly the most common and widespread coffee around the world, but what do you know about Arabica Coffee and what makes it so different?
- We talked about the Arabica, but what about the Robusta Coffee? Most likely you have drank it as an espresso or as instant coffee, or in any other blend you may have tried. What defines it and makes it different from the rest?
- Very prized, with an amazing taste and perfect as a present or a treat for everyone that likes to enjoy a special coffee once in a while, the Blue Mountain Coffee is quite unique, you can see here why!